Naumenko DJ, Dykes J, O'Connor GK, Stanley Z, Affara NA, Drammeh S, Dunger DB, Faal A, Ong KK, Sosseh F, Prentice AM, Moore SE, Bernstein RM. 2021. A novel method for the identification and quantification of weight faltering. American Journal of Physical Anthropology


Quilter CR, Harvey KM, Bauer J, Skinner BM, Gomez M, Shrivastava M, Doel AM, Drammeh S, Dunger DB, Moore SE, Ong KK, Prentice AM, Bernstein RM, Sargent CA, Affara NA. 2021. Identification of methylation changes associated with positive and negative growth deviance in Gambian infants using a targeted methyl sequencing approach of genomic DNA. FASEB BioAdvances


Bernstein RM, O'Connor GK, Vance EA, Affara N, Drammeh S, Dunger DB, Faal A, Ong KK, Prentice AM, Sosseh F, Moore SE. 2020. Timing of the infancy-childhood transition in rural Gambia. Frontiers in Endocrinology 11: 42. 


Bowland GB, Bernstein RM, Koster J, Fiorello C, Brenn-White M, Liu J, Schwartz L, Campbell A, von Stade D, Beagley J, Pomerantz J, Gonzalez A, Quick M, McKinnon K, Aghaian, Sparks C, Gross J. 2020. Fur color and nutritional status predict hair cortisol concentrations of dogs in Nicaragua. Frontiers in Veterinary Science  7: 702

Maidwell-Smith AA, Doel AM, Bernstein RM, Moore SE. 2020. Prevalence estimates of diabetes in pregnancy in a rural, sub-Saharan population. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 169: 108455.


Moore SE, Doel AM, Ong KK, Dunger DB, Affara NA, Prentice AM, Bernstein RM, and the HERO-G Working Group. 2020. Identification of nutritionally modifiable hormonal and epigenetic drivers of positive and negative growth deviance in rural African fetuses and infants: Project protocol and cohort description. Gates Open Research 4: 25.

Schafrank, L.A., Washabaugh, J.R. and Hoke, M.K., 2020. An examination of breastmilk composition among high altitude Peruvian women. American Journal of Human Biology, p.e23412.


Bernstein RM, Bogin BA. 2019. Growth and development. In: Brüne M, Schiefenhövel W, eds. Oxford Handbook of Evolutionary Medicine. Oxford University Press.


Hinnouho G-M, Bernstein RM, Barffour MA, Arnold CD, Wessels KR, Ratsavong K, Bounheuang B, Kounnavong S, Hess SY. 2019. Impact of two forms of daily preventive zinc or therapeutic zinc supplementation for diarrhea on hair cortisol concentrations among rural Laotian children: a randomized controlled trial. Nutrients 11: 47.

Washabaugh J, Olaniyan O, Secka A, Jeng M, Bernstein RM. 2019. Milk hygiene and consumption practices in The Gambia. Food Control 98: 303-311.



Fardi S, Sauther ML, Cuozzo FP, Jacky IAY, Bernstein RM. 2018. The effect of extreme weather events on hair cortisol and body weight in a wild ring-tailed lemur population (Lemur catta) in Southwestern Madagascar. American Journal of Primatology 80: e22731.


Helfrecht C, Hagen EH, DeAvila D, Bernstein RM, Dira SJ, Meehan CL. 2018. DHEAS patterning across childhood in three sub-Saharan populations: associations with age, sex, ethnicity, and cortisol. American Journal of Human Biology 30: e23090

Turner TR, Bernstein RM, Taylor A, Asangba A, Bekelman T, Danzy Cramer J, Elton S, Harvati K, Williams-Hatala EM, Kauffman L, Middleton E, Richtsmeier J, Szathmáry E, Torres-Rouff C, Thayer Z, Villaseñor A, Vogel E. 2018. Participation, representation and shared experiences of women scholars in biological anthropology. Yearbook of Physical Anthropology 165: 126-157.

Wessells KR, Brown KH, Kounnavong S, Barffour MA, Hinnouho G-M, Sayasone S, Stephensen CB, Ratsavong K, Larson CP, Arnold CD, Harding KB, Reinhart GA, Lertmemongkolchai G, Fucharoen S, Bernstein RM, Hess SY. 2018. Comparison of two forms of daily preventive zinc supplementation versus therapeutic zinc supplementation for diarrhea on young children's physical growth and risk of infection: study design and rationale for a randomized controlled trial. BMC Nutrition 4: 39


Watson S, Moore SE, Darboe MK, Chen G, Tu, Y-K, Huang Y-T, Eriksen KG, Bernstein RM, Prentice AM, Wild CP, Xu Y, Routledge MN, Gong YY. 2018. Impaired growth in rural Gambian infants exposed to aflatoxin: a prospective cohort study. BMC Public Health 18: 1247



Bernstein RM. 2017. Hormones, human and nonhuman primate growth. Hormone Research in Paediatrics 88: 15-21.


Davis JCC, Lewis ZT, Krishnan S, Bernstein RM, Moore SE, Prentice AM, Mills DA, Lebrilla CB, Zivkovic AM. 2017. Growth and morbidity of Gambian infants are influenced by maternal milk oligosaccharides and infant gut microbiota. Scientific Reports 7, 40466.

Nabwera HM, Bernstein RM, Agbla SC, Moore SE, Darboe MK, Colley M, Jallow AT, Bradbury R, Karafin J, Fulford AJ, Prentice AM. 2017. Hormonal correlates and predictors of nutritional recovery in malnourished African children. Journal of Tropical Pediatrics 64: 364-372.


Power ML, Schulkin J, Drought H, Milligan L, Murtough KL, Bernstein RM. 2017. Patterns of milk macronutrients and several bioactive molecules across lactation in a western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla) and a Sumatran orangutan (Pongo abelii). American Journal of Primatology 79: 1-11.  


Bernstein RM. 2016. Comparative endocrinology of childhood growth. In: Meehan C, Crittenden A, eds. Multiple Perspectives on the Evolution of Childhood. SAR/University of New Mexico Press. Pp.103-119.


Bernstein RM, Hinde K. 2016. Bioactive factors in milk across lactation: maternal effects and influence on infant growth in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). American Journal of Primatology 78: 838-850.


Fourie NH, Brown JL, Jolly CJ, Phillips-Conroy JE, Rogers J, Bernstein RM. 2016. Sources of variation in hair cortisol in wild and captive non-human primates. Zoology 119: 119-125.




Fourie NH, Turner TR, Brown JL, Grobler PJ, Lorenz JG, Bernstein RM. 2015. Variation in vervet (Chlorocebus aethiops) hair cortisol concentrations reflects ecological disturbance by humans. Primates 56: 365-373.


Fourie NH, Jolly CJ, Phillips-Conroy JE, Brown JL, Bernstein RM. 2015. Variation in hair cortisol concentrations in wild populations of two baboon species (Papio anubis, P. hamadryas) and a population of their natural hybrids. Primates 56: 259-272.


Alesbury H, Ubelaker D, Bernstein RM. 2013. Age-at-death estimation using the frontonasal suture in human crania. Journal of Forensic Sciences 58: 104-108.


Bernstein RM, Dominy NJ. 2013. Mount Pinatubo, inflammatory cytokines, and the immunological ecology of Aeta hunter-gatherers. Human Biology 85: 231-250.


Bernstein RM, Drought H, Phillips-Conroy JE, Jolly CJ. 2013. Hormonal correlates of divergent growth trajectories in wild male anubis (Papio anubis) and hamadryas (Papio hamadryas) baboons in the Awash River Valley, Ethiopia. International Journal of Primatology 34: 732-751.



Bernstein RM, Setchell J, Verrier D, Knapp L. 2012. Maternal effects and the endocrine regulation of mandrill growth. American Journal of Primatology 74: 890-900.


Bernstein RM, Sterner K, Wildman D. 2012. Adrenal androgen production in catarrhine primates and the evolution of adrenarche. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 147: 389-400.

Conley A, Bernstein RM, Nguyen A.  2012. Adrenarche in nonhuman primates: the evidence for it and the need to re-define it. Journal of Endocrinology 214: 121-131.




Fourie N, Bernstein RM. 2011. Hair cortisol levels track phylogenetic and age-related differences in hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity in non-human primates. General and Comparative Endocrinology 174: 150-155.


2010 and earlier

Bernstein RM. 2010. The big and small of it: how body size evolves. Yearbook of Physical Anthropology 143: 46-62.


Bernstein RM, Nadler T, Brown J, Fourie N. 2009. Variation in fecal glucocorticoid concentrations in captive red-shanked douc langurs (Pygathrix nemeaus). Vietnamese Journal of Primatology 3: 65-74.


Stinespring Harris A, Bernstein RM, Kuhle B. 2009. Predicting age at onset of menopause: testing the “adaptive onset” hypothesis. Maturitas 64: 193-195.


Bernstein RM, Leigh SR, Donovan S, Monaco M. 2008. Hormonal correlates of ontogeny in baboons (Papio hamadryas anubis) and mangabeys (Cercocebus atys). American Journal of Physical Anthropology 136: 156-168.


Bernstein RM, Leigh SR, Donovan S, Monaco M. 2007. Hormones and body size evolution in papionin primates. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 132: 247-260.


Leigh SR, Bernstein RM. 2006. Ontogeny, life history, and maternal investment in baboons. In: Reproduction and Fitness in Baboons (S. Leigh and L. Swedell, editors), Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers: New York. Pp. 225-256.